How To Cite Statistics Apa In Text

Work with unknown author, 460 7. If there is no author, use a portion of the first part of the citation, usually the title. Zotero facilitates quick in-text citing, and one-click generation of references according to a multitude of styles including APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, & journal-specific. Numbers and statistics "The general rule governing APA style on the use of numbers is to use figures to express numbers 10 and above and words to express numbers below 10" (APA, 2001, p. Some samples of in-text citations are. ” then the year when your references were produced. 3 "Creating a References Section" for guidelines—or assign each source a temporary code and highlight the in-text citations so you remember to double-check them later on. Citing Business Sources (Mintel, IBISWorld, etc. 03 of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association). Subjects:Mathematics & Statistics, APA In-text citing Updated January 2013. This guide contains examples of references in APA style. When you quote or paraphrase from a source, you need to give credit to that source by inserting a citation. Citing Constitutional and Statutory Provisions in Brief; Citing Agency Material in Brief; The Bluebook; ALWD Citation Manual; eBooks. Trying to remember the very particular rules for spacing, italics and other formatting rules can be overwhelming if you're also writing a fairly technical paper. journals, magazines, newspapers). Make it double spaced (follow this link to. How To Cite a Tweet in APA Format. for House of Representative, A. com is the smarter citation machine and bibliography maker to format APA citation and bibliography reference lists for academic assignments. Citation in Bibliography: Statistics Canada. APA uses parenthetical in-text citation styles that generally use the author's last name and year. But there will also be times when you rehash or some up the previously written content, and therefore need to cite them in your text. A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. (for "no date"). If you want to cite Smith's idea, which you read about in Jones' book, you would provide an in-text citation for Smith's study (Smith, as cited in Jones, 2002). "References" - so they call it in the APA parlance. in parentheses (e. If you will be paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and date of publication in your in-text APA citation. Example of APA Style: Survey. Writing in APA format can be tricky at times, but is simple to understand and use. For example, you have probably encountered descriptive statistics in an undergraduate course and in journal articles. MLA "Title of Web Page. Universities, educational institutions, corporations and other users of ABS statistics may have their own guidelines for citing resources. Purchase the APA Manual This orientation is only an overview of APA (2001) format. According to Ross (1997), human beings have been described as symbol-using animals (Chapter 1, para. How to Cite an Interview in APA. What would be versus in text is abbreviated vs. American Diabetes Association, (date published). ) are spelled out the first time they appear. , cite the work it came. All that the students have to do is, type their queries like "how to cite a website in APA?" or other related queries. If you are citing data within a table - that is, you've created a table and retrieved the data within the table from various sources - please identify the sources of your information in the table note e. (Full sentence outlines are often accompanied with an APA reference list on a separate page. for House of Representative, A. Citing to the U. It also gives instructions on how to cite sources other than Statistics Canada. The same format goes for a poster presented at a conference. Afterwards, use (Rosenvinge et al. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. ) in your writing, you should follow the APA style for direct quotations. Citation Guidelines for Tweets. The rest of the text in this template provides hints about properly generating the parts of your APA-formatted paper. In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote. When you quote or paraphrase from a source, you need to give credit to that source by inserting a citation. In section 7. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Finally, discuss how you might use descriptive statistics in your professional or academic future. If the name of a non-base package is given, the function either returns the information contained in the CITATION file of the package or auto-generates citation information. This post has examples of citing tweets. I would like to refer you to page 210 in the APA manual. Place parentheses at the end of the cited phrase. According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: "cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year" (p. The APA Manual says little about this; however I found a good suggestion from a librarian at another college. Note: If the name of the group first appears in parentheses, put the abbreviation in square brackets after it, followed by a comma and the year for the citation. Reporting Statistics in APA Format Cronbach's Alphas Values to report: the number of items that make up the subscale, and the associated Cronbach's alpha. Retrieved date. To cite the pamphlet/brochure in-text, use the corporate author, the year the work was published (or " n. How to Cite a Textbook in APA Format Video. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed. Since the quotation is over three lines long, the parenthetical citation appears after the end punctuation. In 2009, the American Psychological Association (APA) revised and updated a new 6th edition manual by providing examples and changes in. To cite MATLAB (and in this case a toolbox) you can use this: MATLAB and Statistics Toolbox Release 2012b, The MathWorks, Inc. In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote. Since the quotation is over three lines long, the parenthetical citation appears after the end punctuation. Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a. References: Use APA style. This paper should be a minimum of 500 words and follow APA Style requirements (i. In APA format, you should include a comma to separate the name of the CDC and the publication date, and another comma between the date and the page or paragraph number. An in-text citation in MLA is a parenthetical citation. If there is no author, use a portion of the first part of the citation, usually the title. Note that there are no periods used in these abbreviations. When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal. Make sure it is on the line directly below the running head. (2017, May 17). Cronbach's Alphas. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2008, Table 3) Entry in a Reference Work APA does not provide specific information on how to cite a statistical table, but use this general format to cite part of a source (e. In the following in-text citations, only include the first author's name and follow it with et al. Typically this will require you to use the same relevant information, just in a slightly different order or style; for example using quotation marks or italics for different. APA Citation Guide. How to cite Here are the pages to look at for MLA citation guide. Every in-text citation must correspond to a reference at the end of the paper. If the ebook does not display a page number, instead give the number of the paragraph in the chapter to which you are referring. For example: First intext citation: (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2008). If you use a different style guide, you may apply a different format, but should observe the capitalization shown above, and include the appropriate release number. To learn how to: "Use your preferred style to finish your reference", you will need to adapt the citation templates from "step 2" for the citation style you are using. wikis), you should include the date it was retrieved, i. Please pay attention to issues of italics and spacing. The following is an example of an in-text citation for a paraphrase or summary: (Martinez, 2008). Find out how to grab a citation from a database, format your paper, hanging indents, block quotes, in text citations and more. Basic form: Author. Statistics in APA from the Online Writing Lab: Guidelines for including statistics in written text in APA. It also gives instructions on how to cite sources other than Statistics Canada. This style is based on the The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed. Also find relevant sources on your topic. Basic form: Author. You can cite references within the text of your presentation slide using the same APA format for in-text citations (Author, Date) as in a written essay. 66), the agreeableness subscale consisted of 6 items ( α =. When author number exceeds seven, include the first six authors’ name. (Government of Dubai, Dubai Statistics Center, 2008) Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative. If a source has two authors, cite both names every time the reference appears in the text. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator. 281 (data file, available from government agency and from NTIS website) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition [Call Number: Reference BF11. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed. In-text citations include the author's last name and the publication date. Please pay attention to issues of italics and spacing. To learn how to: "Use your preferred style to finish your reference", you will need to adapt the citation templates from "step 2" for the citation style you are using. It also gives instructions on how to cite sources other than Statistics Canada. APA rules for citing government publications follow the same basic format as other forms of publication. APA style according to the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual from the American Psychological Association. If a work has three to five authors, format their names, publication date, and the page reference as follows or use the names in a signal phrase followed by the publication date. In-text citation: The mastery of APA increases an author's chance of scoring well on an assignment (Culver, as cited in Jones, 2009). , business summary or income statement), and date of the document, plus the entire URL of the page where the information is located, as in the examples below. Retrieved date. Citefast is a FREE APA, MLA and Chicago citation generator. COM is the world’s largest firearm community and is a gathering place for firearm enthusiasts of all types. Unpublished raw data from study, untitled work. Example: Schonfeld, E. for a case study featured in a book, you would reference the book. Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. 1 Look for interesting classes 1. How to use and format in-text citations within a document in APA style. The basic rule is that credit must be given for anything that is not one's own thought, idea or creation, and that it must be clear to the reader which of the information is borrowed and which one is not. In the text, name the primary source and cite the secondary source. In the Reference List, include the web address from the place you downloaded the ebook. Designed specifically for undergraduate writing, this easy-to-use pocket guide is adapted from the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Use the following template to cite a journal article using the APA citation format. The format for in text citations is based on how the source is cited in the References. 1 Visit and evaluate college campuses 1. For convenience, we provide sample MLA citation format at the bottom of article pages. This article will show you how to write APA database citation. Normally, APA citation paraphrase is employed by students who are working on papers. section covers specifically how APA style is used to report statistical information or results in various forms in a journal. In-Text Citations An in-text citation is a brief mention within the body of your paper that leads the reader to the complete information about that reference. You can find more detailed structures below. APA style according to the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. According to the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, section 7. ) (2010) Guidelines Used with permission from Baker College (1/2015). From hunters and military members, to competition shooters and general firearm enthusiasts, we welcome anyone who values and respects the way of the firearm. Find it on the left side of the chart, select your citation style, and grab generated the citation. To cite the pamphlet/brochure in-text, use the corporate author, the year the work was published (or "n. 04 in the APA Manual for more help or check out the EasyBib option for conference proceedings. Including the required elements in every citation allows other researchers to easily track the references used in a paper and locate those resources themselves. If you claim that some historical figure "believed" or "felt" something, you must also provide a citation. Most universities today require students to follow APA format in the reporting of statistics and narrative. The APA format is widely used within academia, and the APA Style Manual has comprehensive details on how to reference properly, as well advice on how to present figures and tables. Make it double spaced (follow this link to. If the ebook does not display a page number, instead give the number of the paragraph in the chapter to which you are referring. How to Cite a Textbook in APA Format Video. Basic form: Author. In Text Citation. In-text citation: (RRU Library, 2015) For more information, please see How to Cite Social Media in APA Style (Twitter, Facebook, and Google+) and How to Cite a Hashtag in #APAStyle from the APA Style Blog, and if you have any questions, please contact the Writing Centre. Is it PASW Statistics v. APA Style is a set of rules for publishing scientific papers at the highest level of clarity and accessibility. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This may include theories, best practice guidelines, and of course, statistics. Citing after the the text would be 1 in 3 people blah blah blah (Department of X, (year). If your paper includes direct quotes, also include the page number, for instance: (Walker, 2016, p. For online material, where page numbers aren't available, see APA 6. This guide lists common business publication types and maps them to APA reference examples. " Next comes a period and the italicized title of the page in sentence case. You should also cite whenever you present a fact that is not common knowledge. Then, by entering in the applicable information, the generator will provide you with a way to cite the article on your references page and with ways to cite in within the text of the paper. According to APA, government documents can be considered Books, Technical/Research Reports, or Brochures. 264 (unpublished raw data) and p. For instance, for reporting of uncomplicated descriptive statistics you might present them in the text. Work with two authors, 460 4. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed. Something missing? More than one author?. Actually, the format for citing database information is the same as the usual way of citing a particular reference (e. In-Text Referencing in American Psychological Association (APA) Style One thing that I have observed that students tend to have trouble with is using in-text references correctly in APA style. It is important to note which - for unpublished proceedings, use the date of the conference instead of a publication date. APA style according to the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual from the American Psychological Association. It does include some examples from American government sources ( pp. This style is based on the The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed. A source should be cited as a personal communication when there is no direct, reliable path for your readers to retrieve the information. Citation management tools allow a user to organize and retrieve information, such as citations for books, articles, and Web sites, by interfacing with library databases. Citing Secondary Sources: If you use a source that is cited in another source, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. Note that, the Harvard reference style is not difficult to master. The format for in text citations is based on how the source is cited in the References. APA style requires you to list all of your cited sources on its own page, simply referred to as the "References" page. APA Style Every Statista chart has a citation. Citing a PowerPoint presentation in another document is easy. A copy of the APA Manual is available for use in the library (but cannot be taken out of the library). Retrieved from. APA reference lists only include works that can be found by the reader. The content in the appendices should be "easily presented in print format" (APA, 2010, p. is the preferred method of citing legislation, because codified legislation is usually easier to work with and retrieve than is a session law. The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, which is used in the legal field, does have detailed guidance on citation of United Nations materials. If you retrieved the information from a data set, please see "How to Cite a Data Set in APA Style" from the APA Style Blog. Formatting examples for APA reference lists. Let's say you've found a perfect podcast where someone brings up an argument that will prove your essay point. The reader will then be able to match the source cited in the text to the full reference given in your bibliography/ reference list where full details of the publication are presented. References - entry that appears at the end of your paper. It will explain each element of how the reference is generated so that you can apply the same style to your references and citations. Please use a minimum of 2 references for this assignment; you may use the required course texts and recommended supplemental readings as well as independent research but please avoid ‘crowd-sourced. Title of article: Subtitle of article. Basic form: Author. ) (2010) Guidelines Used with permission from Baker College (1/2015). (National Center for Education Statistics, 2008, Table 3) Entry in a Reference Work APA does not provide specific information on how to cite a statistical table, but use this general format to cite part of a source (e. How to cite ENCYCLOPEDIAS. Klassen/2015 2 You can use any of the following three ways to include documentation in a sentence: a) all together in parentheses before the information is given. In square brackets after the title, identify the publication as a brochure. If the report came from the U. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed. APA format requires you to gather information from the front of your textbook such as the authors, editors, and date of publication so that you can create a citation that follows a specific formula. ), you do not need to cite entire websites in the reference list. Note: QuickCite will continue to cover APA 6th as well as APA 7th for the forseeable future. APA References (6th edition) Helpful Hints • Only the major publication for each entry is italicized: (Article title, Journal Title). American Psychological Association (APA) is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the sciences and social sciences. APA Style Blog: How to Cite the DSM–5 in APA Style (UPDATED) http://blog. Citing Sources in the Text. Data are from. Tips for citing correctly in APA style, 6th edition. APA In-Text Citation Examples What is an in-text citation? An in-text citation is found in the body of a research paper. APA requires that any quotation over 40 words be started on a new line, indented. According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: "cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year" (p. Use the following template to cite a report using the APA citation style. Each source that appears as an in-text citation should have a corresponding detailed entry in the References list at the end of the paper. If there is no date available, use (n. exist only in ERIC. Find the required information about your website. Also, with the exception of some p values, most statistics should be rounded to two decimal places. Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed. Each of these citations must correspond to an entry in the reference list. If the map does not have an author or corporate author, bring the title to the first position in the reference list citation and use key words from the title in the in-text citation. Basic form: Author. APA 5th edition For a complete description of citation guidelines refer to p. Please note that the information provided on these pages is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. If you will be paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and date of publication in your in-text APA citation. 176; table 6. Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. Writing in APA format can be tricky at times, but is simple to understand and use. How to cite AUDIO/VISUAL MATERIALS. Citing Business Databases in APA Format - guidelines and examples prepared by Concordia Library; APA style guide to electronic references; APA Style Website from the APA (American Psychological Association) APA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue University Online Writing Lab) APA Style (Murdoch University). Example Annual Report reference from company's website: Harely-Davidson Motor Company. In APA format, you should include a comma to separate the name of the CDC and the publication date, and another comma between the date and the page or paragraph number. ) requi res page or paragraph numbers in in-text references for ALL direct quotations and encourages this for paraphrases. Citing Statistics - APA Style Search this Guide Search. Notice that there is no extra spacing between the paragraphs or sections. APA Style Guide to Electronic References 01-02 Electronic APA Reference Citations Sometimes it can be not only confusing but difficult to reference an electronic source correctly. a statistical table) in the bibliography. for no publisher; if a page number is not given for online journal or database articles, write n. How to Cite an Infographic Correctly. To cite MATLAB (and in this case a toolbox) you can use this: MATLAB and Statistics Toolbox Release 2012b, The MathWorks, Inc. , (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism. The second webinar was about statistics—specifically, how to choose statistical tests on the basis of your research question and design and how to present statistics in APA Style in text, tables, and figures. Here we will review the correct APA formatting for the most prevalent statistical analyses. "Since a survey you conducted yourself is not published elsewhere by someone else, you do not cite it in the same way you cite other materials. ) does not contain examples of how to cite Canadian statistics. A smaller font size (10) will be used in this section to indicate how a narrative textual reference is made on or about a particular statistics. This is the format prescribed by both the Chicago Manual of Style and the Microsoft Manual of Style. The following examples use APA 6th edition. Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed. In order to take the advantage of the tool, you simply have to select the source type, fill the text and generate the citations. How do I cite a TED Talk in a paper? Any idea how to cite a Ted talk quote in text using APA format? i selected ‘audiovisual material’ from the reference. When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal. In-Text/Parenthetical Citation "Groups that serve as authors (corporations, associations, government agencies, etc. Google throws $38. In section 7. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA Style Guide to Electronic References 01-02 Electronic APA Reference Citations Sometimes it can be not only confusing but difficult to reference an electronic source correctly. How to Format an in Text Citation. Paraphrase in Paper (APA) If a woman interprets the media's representation of thinness as the ideal she must achieve, her sense of self-esteem might be threatened and even damaged, making her more likely to exhibit disordered eating patterns (Polivy & Herman, 2004, p. Central Penn uses APA Style & Citation Format. It is based on the 6th edition of the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and also other references as listed under Acknowledgement. Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. They may be abbreviated in subsequent in-text citations IF the name is long and cumbersome and if the abbreviation if familiar" (p. Scroll towards the bottom of the page until you see the section titled "Long Quotations". [1] The Chicago Manual of Style and APA Style point to The Bluebook for citation of United Nations materials. The text is rewritten in your own words; The meaning of the text did not change; The source is cited correctly according to APA in-text citation rules; Paraphrasing tips. The purpose of an MLA in-text citation, sometimes called a parenthetical reference, is to help readers easily find the sources in the Works Cited page that correspond to your referenced passage. To put an in-text citation for Wikipedia in APA, you would use the following format: ("Title of article," n. Generally you will be using information from the website or a web document and then you must reference them as shown in the APA Guide. Statistics in APA from the Online Writing Lab: Guidelines for including statistics in written text in APA. This includes both in-text citations and the end of document references list. For example: Coca-Cola was originally invented by an American pharmacist to be used as a stimulating tonic (Standage, 2005, p. Reference works (encyclopedias and dictionaries) If an entry does not have an author, the title of the entry is placed in the author's place. I am assuming it would be a webpage. Title of entry. How to cite PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS. Citing Sources: APA Style The following citation examples follow the method recommended by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). For examples of how often to cite a source in a paragraph, see our examples in the Citing Sources Properly section. It will explain how to format in-text citations in MLA and APA styles. (Government of Dubai, Dubai Statistics Center, 2008) Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative. APA style according to the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Statistics in APA from the Online Writing Lab: Guidelines for including statistics in written text in APA. APA referencing: A guide for business students The University is moving to APA 7th edition from Semester One 2020. This post has examples of citing tweets. This bulletin provides a brief guide to citing selected references for a “Works Cited” page for electronic (web­based) resources. This means. We applauded our final @pintofscience talk & feeling sad. See section 7. Data are from. for no publisher; if a page number is not given for online journal or database articles, write n. Used by students and professionals. I would like to refer you to page 210 in the APA manual. The rest of the text in this template provides hints about properly generating the parts of your APA-formatted paper. (Government of Dubai, Dubai Statistics Center, 2008) Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative. Government Publication - APA Reference List Capitalization. Normally, APA citation paraphrase is employed by students who are working on papers. Main Tips How Cite different sources in APA paper? Main points to include while citing sources in a paper are the writer's name and initials, the title of the work, and year published. In-Text Citations. However, in many cases a formal reference or bibliographic citation is not necessary. (follow this link to see how). Some examples for citing social media can be found in the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, Sixth Edition, and on the APA Style Blog. If you are paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source, you only have to cite the author's last name and year of publication in your in-text citation. It will explain each element of how the reference is generated so that you can apply the same style to your references and citations. The parenthetical citation is at the end of the last sentence, after the punctuation. Vertical lines are rarely used according to APA regulations. In addition, general samples of corresponding citations are provided within each reference category. In-text citations would follow the typical format of including the author (or authoring organization) and year of publication. APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. The purpose of a summary is to give the reader, in a about 1/3 of the original length of an article/lecture, a clear, objective picture of the original lecture or text. • For in-text citing using APA style, you will refer to the author and the year of publication. Then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author’s name. Once the tables have been assembled and placed in the text, number the tables starting from 1 in the order that they appear in the work. American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. First of all, it is important to explain that APA is known as the style of the American Psychological Association. American Diabetes Association, (date published). 2 Visit and evaluate college websites 1. If you want to cite Smith's idea, which you read about in Jones' book, you would provide an in-text citation for Smith's study (Smith, as cited in Jones, 2002). MLA uses author/page (Jones 3) and APA uses author/date (Jones, 2009) citations. If you are citing data within a table - that is, you've created a table and retrieved the data within the table from various sources - please identify the sources of your information in the table note e. For example (SD = 1. You will cite the authors just like any other citation. (2011, June 29). You can directly quote an author or paraphrase an author. In-text citations Within the text of the paper, you acknowledge the use of another author's material by using parenthetical references. 08: "Reference entries are not necessary for standard software and programming languages, such as Microsoft Word, Excel, Java, Adobe Photoshop, and even SAS and SPSS. This fact sheet provides a comprehensive beginner’s guide to entries in the APA referencing system. If there is no author, use a portion of the first part of the citation, usually the title. Government Publication - APA Reference List Capitalization. The format of a reference or bibliographic citation of IBM SPSS Statistics is specific to a particular style manual, and guidance on the structure of such references or citations needs to come from your chosen manual. 5, CI = -5, 5) Use parentheses to enclose degrees of freedom. Although it is not required, APA guidelines encourage you to still provide the page number:According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. If you claim that some historical figure "believed" or "felt" something, you must also provide a citation. Start the citation in text by including parentheses at the end of the phrase you are citing. daddywill88 All American 710 Posts user info edit post: Does anyone out there know how to cite OSHA standards. Yale University (2010) presents a similar argument. SELECT CITATION. A copy of the APA Manual is available for use in the library (but cannot be taken out of the library). Analyzing an APA Model Paper. American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. how to format in-text citations (inside your writing) in apa style In-text citations must be placed in your assignment every time you use a source. How to cite JOURNALS.